Mid-20th Century

  • Communism in Asia and Elsewhere

    Communism in Asia and Elsewhere

    The Soviet Union wasn’t the only country promoting communism. Since the late 1920s, Communist leader Mao Tse-tung had been trying to gain control of China from the Nationalist government led by Chiang Kai-shek. The two sides formed a truce during World War II to fight against the Japanese, but as…


  • The Cold War

    The Cold War

    During World War II, the Soviet Union allied with Britain, France, and the U.S. After the war, though, that relationship soured. Communist leader, Joseph Stalin refused to remove troops from European countries previously occupied by the Germans. Instead, he took over those countries, establishing Communist governments in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,…


  • The Candy Bomber

    The Candy Bomber

    During and after World War II, many people tried to ease the suffering of others, sometimes at the risk of their own lives. One such person was Gail Halvorsen. Born in Salt Lake City, Utah and raised on small farms in Utah and Idaho, Halvorsen became a pilot during World…


  • The Aftermath of World War II

    The Aftermath of World War II

    As World War II ended, Americans looked forward to resuming their lives. For millions of people in Europe and Asia, though, life would never be the same. Over 55 million people worldwide had been killed (400,000 Americans) and millions were separated from their families or left homeless. Cities throughout Europe…


  • World War II: Victory in the Pacific

    World War II: Victory in the Pacific

    Victory in the Pacific Islands proved difficult. The Japanese were fierce, unrelenting fighters. Japanese Kamikaze pilots flew “suicide planes” loaded with explosives into American ships. The remote islands were hard to reach and once there, hard to get through because of the dense jungle. The Allies were forced to make…


  • World War II: Victory in Europe

    World War II: Victory in Europe

    In the spring of 1944, Churchill and Roosevelt were ready to begin the next step in their plan. The British countryside was filled with army personnel, supplies, and weapons. Under the direction of General Eisenhower, the troops planned to invade and free France before moving onto the rest of Europe.…


  • The Long Days of World War II

    The Long Days of World War II

    World War II officially began in September, 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany after it invaded Poland. For the next two years, the people of Europe endured hardship and destruction as the Nazi regime bulldozed its way through one country after another. The United States joined the…


  • World War II: America Gets Involved

    World War II: America Gets Involved

    American leaders had tried to stay out of the trouble in Europe, but by 1940, they began to prepare for war. Mussolini had remained neutral as Hitler conquered most of Europe, until the Nazis invaded France. Then Mussolini joined forces with Germany and France was defeated. Great Britain remained the…


  • World War II: The Beginnings

    World War II: The Beginnings

    World War I plunged Europe into crisis. Many buildings and homes had been destroyed. Jobs were scarce and both governments and individuals were without money. Many people were looking for a strong leader to solve their problems. This turned out to be a mistake as corrupt and violent men were…


  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl

    From the mid-1800s, homesteaders and farmers in the Mid-West had plowed and worked the flat, treeless prairie land. Most of them had no understanding of the need to rest or restore the soil by adding compost, planting trees, or rotating crops. Slowly the soil lost the organic material that made…