Even before the Revolutionary War, the North and South had cultural and geographical differences. As the years went on, these differences became larger. From the 1820s to the 1850s, bustling cities sprang up in the North. Workers came to these cities to work in factories making cloth, furniture, watches, tools, and other items.
Many people in the North opposed slavery. By the end of the 1700s, slavery was illegal in most Northern states. Over 250,000 free black people lived in the North. Some of them had been born free or given their freedom. Others had bought their freedom or escaped from the South.
Questions and Answers
Question: Did white people welcome free blacks to the North?
Answer: Some did, even going so far as to offer safety and shelter to slaves escaping from the South. But blacks were often discriminated against in the North. They created their own neighborhoods, schools, businesses, and churches where they would be safe.
Visit the Civil War Trust to learn more about the differences between the North and the South.
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Declan, Tobin. " Civil War Fun Facts for Children ." American History for Kids, Apr 2019. Web. 22 Apr 2019. < https://www.americanhistoryforkids.com/heading-toward-civil-war-north/ >.
Tobin, Declan. (2019). Civil War Fun Facts for Children. American History for Kids. Retrieved from https://www.americanhistoryforkids.com/heading-toward-civil-war-north/