An Independent Country

  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams

    Poor people living in cities in the 1800s and early 1900s endured contaminated water and food, pollution, unsafe houses, and much more. Jane Addams opened the first public house in the country. Fun Facts Jane Addams was born in 1860 near Chicago, Illinois. Her family lived in a big, comfortable…


  • Helen Keller

    Helen Keller

    A bout with a serious illness caused Helen Keller to become blind and deaf when she was 19 months old. She could not hear, see, or speak. Imagine how frustrating that must have been. Her teacher, Annie Sullivan, taught her to communicate and opened her world. Fun Facts Helen Keller…


  • Dolores Huerta

    Dolores Huerta

    For more than 50 years, Dolores Huerta has worked to improve the lives of children, women, and farm workers. She believes that all people deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. Fun Facts Dolores was born in 1930 in New Mexico. Her parents divorced when she was three and…


  • Ella Fitzgerald

    Ella Fitzgerald

    Fun Facts Ella was born in 1917. She grew up in Yonkers, New York in a busy, vibrant neighborhood. She liked to play baseball with the other kids, listen to music, and dance and sing. Her stepfather, Joe, was a chauffeur and ditch digger. Her mother, Tempie, worked at a…


  • Elizabeth Blackwell

    Elizabeth Blackwell

    Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to attend medical school in the U.S. Throughout her life, she endured persecution for being a woman doctor. Fun Facts Elizabeth was born in 1821 in Bristol, England. She was the third child of nine children. Four unmarried aunts also lived in their home.…


  • Susan B. Anthony

    Susan B. Anthony

    Susan B. Anthony was passionate about women’s rights, abolition, and the temperance movement. Even when she was old, she was full of energy and determination. Fun Facts Susan B. Anthony was born in Adams, Massachusetts in 1820. Her father, Daniel Anthony, was a Quaker. Her mother, Lucy Read, was a…


  • Louisa May Alcott

    Louisa May Alcott

    Louisa May Alcott is one of the most beloved authors of all time. She wrote Little Women and many other books for children. Fun Facts Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania in 1832. Her father, Bronson Alcott, was a teacher; her mother, Abby May, was a social worker.…


  • Sandra Day O’Connor

    Sandra Day O’Connor

    Sandra Day O’Connor was the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. Before she was a lawyer and judge though, she was a rough-riding cowgirl, capable of shooting rabbits for a meal. Fun Facts Sandra Day O’Connor was born in 1930 in El Paso, Texas. She grew up on…


  • Sally Ride

    Sally Ride

    Sally Ride was the first female American astronaut in space. She was also a competitive tennis player. Fun Facts Sally Ride was born in 1951 in Los Angeles. Her parents were both Presbyterian ministers. Her mother volunteered at a correctional facility and her father taught political science at Santa Monica…


  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton

    Born on Christmas Day in 1821, Clara Barton was a teacher, nurse, and leader. She was the founder of the Red Cross. Fun Facts Clara was born in Oxford, Massachusetts. She was the youngest of five children born to Stephen and Sarah Barton. As a teenager, Clara nursed her seriously…