An Independent Country

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal

    Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal

    As the Great Depression deepened, Americans looked for a new leader. Franklin D Roosevelt won a landslide victory over President Hoover in the 1932 election. Roosevelt’s critics thought he was “too feeble and wishy-washy” to make a difference, but he proved them wrong. During his inaugural address, he said, “Let…


  • The Great Depression Begins

    The Great Depression Begins

    The fast lifestyles and excessive spending of the 1920s couldn’t last forever. Too many people had bought stocks on margin (taken loans to buy stocks). Most Americans already owned cars and household goods, yet factories kept pumping out more products that no one was buying. Prices for food dropped and…


  • Lifestyles and Legends of the Roaring Twenties

    Lifestyles and Legends of the Roaring Twenties

    World War I changed the way many people felt about life. The younger generation, in particular, wanted to throw off old conservative values in favor of a “modern” life. Most Americans had more money and more leisure time than ever and they enjoyed being entertained. The arts, including literature, movies,…


  • America Enters World War I

    America Enters World War I

    President Wilson had urged neutrality and was determined to keep America out of World War I, until 1917, when Germany U-boats (submarines) began attacking U.S. cargo ships. The last straw came when Germany demanded that Mexico invade the U.S. Fun Facts The American war effort took time and preparation, starting…


  • World War I: The Beginnings

    World War I: The Beginnings

    European countries had, for many years, been divided by a system of alliances. Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary had created the Triple Alliance in 1882. Russia, Great Britain, Belgium, and France formed alliances between 1894 and 1907. The countries in these alliances pledged to offer support and aid if one of…


  • Growing American Influence

    Growing American Influence

    The spanish American war was a changing point for America because it highlighted the nation’s growing military might to the world. When Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt took office after President William McKinley was assassinated, he quickly moved to capitalize on America’s new-found influence. Fun Facts War broke out between the Japanese…


  • The Spanish-American War

    The Spanish-American War

    Compared to Europe and Asia, America is a young country, yet it gained prosperity and power very quickly. During the 1800s, the United States, for the most part, kept out of foreign affairs. But when the U.S. came to the aid of Cuba in the Spanish-American war, it suddenly became…


  • Automobiles and Airplanes

    Automobiles and Airplanes

    Before the Industrial Revolution, most people were born, lived, and died within a fairly small geographical area (with the exception of pioneers and homesteaders). The Industrial Revolution drew people away from rural communities to work in cities. Then, two major inventions made it even easier for people to travel: airplanes…


  • The Titanic

    The Titanic

    New inventions, such as the telephone, electric lights, trolleys, and the first movie cameras, created a sense of optimism and trust in the power of engineering and scientific discovery. Architects built towering skyscrapers and opulent public buildings; engineers built automobiles, airplanes, and cruise liners. This sense of limitless possibilities was…


  • Changes in Government

    Changes in Government

    Most of the Founding Fathers believed in a government that gave states and communities the power to make decisions on local issues. They worried that a powerful Federal government had the potential to become corrupt. The Constitution was written with the goal of limiting Federal power and protecting individual liberty.…