An Independent Country

  • Nixon and the Watergate Scandal

    Nixon and the Watergate Scandal

    President Nixon had high hopes when he took office. He hoped to win the Vietnam War and be remembered as a peacemaker. He succeeded at some of his goals, but he’s most remembered for the presidential scandal Watergate.   Fun Facts President Nixon removed 25,000 troops from Vietnam in June,…


  • The Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War

    In the late 1800s, the area that is now Vietnam was colonized by France and called French Indochina. It remained under French control for many years, but in 1945, Communist leader Ho Chi Minh defeated the French. The country was divided into two parts: North and South Vietnam. After World…


  • The 1970s: A Time of Cultural Turbulence and Change

    The 1970s: A Time of Cultural Turbulence and Change

    The civil-rights movement set off a domino effect. Numerous other groups, including Native Americans, Hispanics, and women began protesting for equal treatment. Across the country and on college campuses, people protested in marches and sit-ins.   Fun Facts The modern women’s movement was sparked by the book, The Feminine Mystique,…


  • A Man on the Moon and Other Achievements

    A Man on the Moon and Other Achievements

    During World War II, rapid scientific and technological advances helped win the war. These advances, such as nuclear power, had the potential to both benefit and harm society. In general though many people were excited about the possibilities these new ideas seemed to create. Fun Facts In 1961, a Russian…


  • Racial Tensions

    Racial Tensions

    The civil rights movement of the early 1960s focused on peaceful protest. Leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr. organized marches and speeches to create change. In the mid-1960s, the civil rights movement became more violent on both sides. Fun Facts African-Americans living in the South experienced greater violence against them.…


  • The 1960s: Big Cultural Changes

    The 1960s: Big Cultural Changes

    During the 1960s, many families became more prosperous than ever before. They had good jobs and could afford to buy comfortable homes and cars. After the hard times of the Great Depression and World War II, older people appreciated the prosperity they (and their parents) had worked so hard to…


  • Lyndon B. Johnson Leads the Country after Kennedy’s Death

    Lyndon B. Johnson Leads the Country after Kennedy’s Death

    Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson became president after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Johnson was in Dallas with Kennedy when he was shot. He boarded Air Force One with Mrs. Kennedy and took the presidential oath of office right there on the plane. Mrs. Kennedy was still wearing her…


  • Communism in Asia and Elsewhere

    Communism in Asia and Elsewhere

    The Soviet Union wasn’t the only country promoting communism. Since the late 1920s, Communist leader Mao Tse-tung had been trying to gain control of China from the Nationalist government led by Chiang Kai-shek. The two sides formed a truce during World War II to fight against the Japanese, but as…


  • The Cold War

    The Cold War

    During World War II, the Soviet Union allied with Britain, France, and the U.S. After the war, though, that relationship soured. Communist leader, Joseph Stalin refused to remove troops from European countries previously occupied by the Germans. Instead, he took over those countries, establishing Communist governments in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,…


  • The Candy Bomber

    The Candy Bomber

    During and after World War II, many people tried to ease the suffering of others, sometimes at the risk of their own lives. One such person was Gail Halvorsen. Born in Salt Lake City, Utah and raised on small farms in Utah and Idaho, Halvorsen became a pilot during World…