• The Underground Railroad

    The Underground Railroad

    The Underground Railroad was a secret network of homes, roads, and businesses set up to help enslaved African Americans escape to freedom. Several memorials and museums remind us today of the Underground Railroad and the courage of all who participated in it.

    Under Ground Rail Road Small

    Fun Facts

    National Underground Railroad Freedom Center Main Entrance

    • The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center opened in Cincinnati, Ohio in 2004. Cincinnati was an important stop on the Underground Railroad. Thousands of people crossed the Ohio River to freedom and many stayed in Cincinnati for a few days or even a few months before going further north.

      Under Ground Rail Road Monument Windsor

    • The museum features interactive exhibits, a library, a theater, and other displays all designed to encourage Americans to think about what freedom means, both in the past and today.

      Slave Pen Exterior

    • In the center of the museum is a 21 x 30 foot, two-story log building—a “slave pen,” as it was called. This prison was owned by Captain John Anderson, a Revolutionary War veteran and a slave trader. He used it to hold people until he took them to auction to be sold. Men were chained to a wall in the upstairs room, while women were kept on the first floor.
    • The first names of some of the people who were held in the jail are written on a wooden post.

      Harriet Tubman

    • After Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery, she repeatedly made journeys to rescue other slaves and became one of the most well-known “underground railway conductors.” She risked her life to save more than 70 people. The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Park in Maryland honors her legacy and offers interactive exhibits about Tubman’s life.

      Harpiet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center

    • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania had an active slave trade for many years, but it was also a city in which many people opposed slavery. The National Park Service has established a tour with numerous churches and homes that played a role in the Underground Railroad in Philadelphia.

     

    Vocabulary

    1. Abolitionist: someone opposed to slavery
    2. Conductor: train leader

     

    Questions and Answers

    Question: Are there other memorials for the Underground Railroad?

    Answer: Yes. The National Park Service has identified and preserved more than 600 sites connected to the Underground Railroad. Some locations include New York, Detroit, and Massachusetts.

     

    Learn More

    Discover more locations for the Underground Railroad.

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Tobin, Declan. (2020). The Underground Railroad - American History for Kids. American History for Kids. Retrieved from https://www.americanhistoryforkids.com/the-underground-railroad/

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