European countries had, for many years, been divided by a system of alliances. Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary had created the Triple Alliance in 1882. Russia, Great Britain, Belgium, and France formed alliances between 1894 and 1907. The countries in these alliances pledged to offer support and aid if one of their partners was attacked by another country. These alliances were designed to ensure peace and protection, but they may have increased tension in Europe.
Questions and Answers
Question: What would have happened if Russia and Austria-Hungary hadn’t had support from other countries?
Answer: It’s hard to say, but it seems likely that, without the military support from other countries, they would have settled their dispute peacefully; if they engaged in war, it probably would have been much shorter.
To read more about World War I, visit National Geographic Kids.
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