Late 20th Century

  • The Early 1990s

    The Early 1990s

    George H.W. Bush was elected president in 1989 after serving for two terms as Ronald Reagan’s vice president. Bush’s presidency was troubled by economic struggles at home and conflict abroad. Fun Facts Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein sent 120,000 troops to Kuwait, a tiny, neighboring country. Western leaders feared another oil…


  • Foreign Affairs in the 1980s

    Foreign Affairs in the 1980s

    Internationally, the early 1980s were a tough time for the U.S. Arab nations became increasingly opposed to Western interference and terrorists hijacked planes and bombed buildings to make their point. The late 1980s ushered in the end of Communism in several countries and the collapse of the Soviet Union, an…


  • 1980s Culture

    1980s Culture

    The 1960s were about peace, love, and rebellion against authority. The 1970s were a period of rapid social change as minority groups, women, and others asked for equal treatment. During the 1980s, the culture shifted again. Life became more fast-paced as people built careers and focused on technology. Fun Facts:…


  • The Reagan Revolution

    The Reagan Revolution

    Government spending ballooned during the 1960s and 1970s, starting with the Lyndon Johnson’s social programs. Many Americans felt that these programs weren’t working and they were tired of paying higher taxes for them. They were ready for a change. In the 1980 presidential election, Republican nominee Ronald Reagan promised to…


  • America the Great? The New Reality of the 1970s

    America the Great? The New Reality of the 1970s

    The Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal left Americans feeling discouraged and battered. No longer was America the country with all the answers. Some problems couldn’t be solved, and the challenges weren’t over. Through the 1970s, the country encountered one struggle after another. Fun Facts: In the 1960s, America started…


  • Nixon and the Watergate Scandal

    Nixon and the Watergate Scandal

    President Nixon had high hopes when he took office. He hoped to win the Vietnam War and be remembered as a peacemaker. He succeeded at some of his goals, but he’s most remembered for the presidential scandal Watergate.   Fun Facts President Nixon removed 25,000 troops from Vietnam in June,…


  • The Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War

    In the late 1800s, the area that is now Vietnam was colonized by France and called French Indochina. It remained under French control for many years, but in 1945, Communist leader Ho Chi Minh defeated the French. The country was divided into two parts: North and South Vietnam. After World…


  • The 1970s: A Time of Cultural Turbulence and Change

    The 1970s: A Time of Cultural Turbulence and Change

    The civil-rights movement set off a domino effect. Numerous other groups, including Native Americans, Hispanics, and women began protesting for equal treatment. Across the country and on college campuses, people protested in marches and sit-ins.   Fun Facts The modern women’s movement was sparked by the book, The Feminine Mystique,…


  • A Man on the Moon and Other Achievements

    A Man on the Moon and Other Achievements

    During World War II, rapid scientific and technological advances helped win the war. These advances, such as nuclear power, had the potential to both benefit and harm society. In general though many people were excited about the possibilities these new ideas seemed to create. Fun Facts In 1961, a Russian…


  • Racial Tensions

    Racial Tensions

    The civil rights movement of the early 1960s focused on peaceful protest. Leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr. organized marches and speeches to create change. In the mid-1960s, the civil rights movement became more violent on both sides. Fun Facts African-Americans living in the South experienced greater violence against them.…