Late 20th Century

  • Responding to 9/11

    After the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, rescue workers searched through the debris to find survivors, as well as the bodies of those who were killed. Sixteen acres of New York’s business district was covered with ash. Crews came in to begin cleaning away the rubble. In Washington,…


  • 9/11: Terrorism on American Soil

    Terrorist attacks overseas began in the 1980s and continued to increase through the 1990s. Americans still felt relatively safe because terrorists had never ventured to U.S. soil. That changed on the morning of September 11, 2001, when terrorists hijacked four planes. Fun Facts The first plane slammed into the north…


  • A New Millennium

    The year, 2000, marked the beginning of a new millennium or thousand year period. People were excited and apprehensive about what the new century would bring. The 1990s had been prosperous years. Would the next decade bring the same? Fun Facts President Bill Clinton had served two terms, or eight…


  • World Affairs in the 1990s

    Since World War II, the United States’ main foreign policy concern had been stopping Communism’s growth. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, that threat was gone. The focus turned to environmental concerns, terrorism, and humanitarian service. Fun Facts Yugoslavia, formerly a Communist country, began to break into small states…


  • Americans Harming Americans

    The 1990s were a time of rapid change in America. New laws allowed more immigrants to enter the country. Between 1950 and 2000, more than 13 million people came from Asia and Central America and Hispanic-Americans became the fastest growing minority group. At the same time, family dynamics were changing…


  • The Changing Economy of the 1990s

    In 1969, the Department of Defense linked four computers together, creating the first internet. In the 1990s, new software and hardware made the internet available to the public. Americans quickly began using the internet at home and at work. Soon, this technology had dramatically changed the way we do business.…


  • The Clinton Era

    Bill Clinton defeated former President George H.W. Bush in the 1992 election. Although Bush was well-liked during the beginning of his presidency, economic problems reduced his popularity. People were ready for a change and appreciated Clinton’s youth, charm, and energy. His candidacy and presidency were marred by scandal, but he…


  • The Civil Rights Movement

    The Civil Rights Movement

    John F. Kennedy took office 100 years after the beginning of the Civil War. Slavery had been illegal for many years, but racism and discrimination persisted. In the South, black and white people couldn’t share the same restaurants, buses, or schools. Throughout the country, black people didn’t have the same…


  • John F. Kennedy’s Legacy

    John F. Kennedy’s Legacy

    John F. Kennedy won the 1960 presidential election against Republican candidate, Richard M. Nixon. Kennedy was young, energetic, and handsome. He spoke of the 1960s as a “New Frontier,” and encouraged Americans to be pioneers. He said, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can…


  • The 1950s: Peace and Prosperity

    The 1950s: Peace and Prosperity

    The end of World War II brought new financial opportunities to many American families. During the war, men and women had been paid high wages working in factories and other industries. They saved most of the money they earned during the war and were now ready to spend. Television advertisements…